Civil Procedure Code & Limitation Act LSF – 12

Answer to Question: Objects of the Limitation Act 1963

I. Introduction to the Limitation Act, 1963

The Limitation Act, 1963, is a legal framework in India that sets fixed time limits for various legal actions and rights. It is crucial in the context of civil litigation.

II. Objectives of the Limitation Act, 1963

A. Encouraging Diligence: The Act encourages litigants to be diligent and not sleep over their rights. It prevents stale claims from being brought to court long after the event.

B. Legal Certainty and Stability: By setting time limits, the Act aims to provide certainty and stability to legal affairs. It ensures that claims are made while evidence is fresh and available.

C. Preventing Injustice to Defendants: The Act protects defendants from facing old claims when evidence may no longer be available, or conditions have changed significantly.

D. Efficiency in the Legal System: By barring outdated claims, the Act helps in the efficient administration of justice and reduces the burden on courts.

III. Grounds for Extension or Exemption

A. Exceptions to Limitation Periods: The Act provides certain exceptions where the limitation period can be extended. This includes cases of fraud, minority, and disability.

B. Sufficient Cause: Courts can condone delays in filing suits, appeals, or applications if a sufficient cause is shown for not adhering to the prescribed time limits.

In conclusion, the Limitation Act, 1963, serves as a critical legal tool to ensure that legal actions are taken within a reasonable period, thus maintaining efficiency and fairness in the judicial system. Its objectives include promoting timely litigation, providing legal certainty, and avoiding the injustice that can result from the prosecution of stale claims​​.